Atypical Presentation of Multiple Foreign Body Ingestion

Emrah Aydın1; Sultan Bent2; Burak Ayan3

1. Pediatric Surgery Department, Bahcelievler State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey , 2. Department of Pediatrics, Bagcilar Education and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey , 3. Anesthesiology Department, Bahcelievler State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence: Address for Correspondence:Dr Emrah Aydın, Pediatric Surgery Department, Bahcelievler State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey E-mail:


Abstract

Foreign body ingestion is very common in childhood especially under 3 year of age. Pica syndrome is characterized by an appetite for substances that are largely non-nutritive. We present a 3-year old girl who presented to ER with symptoms and signs of intestinal obstruction.

Received: 2016 November 7; Accepted: 2016 December 3

APSP J Case Rep. 2017 Jan 5; 8(1): 7
doi: 10.21699/ajcr.v8i1.525

Copyright

Copyright © 2017 AJCR

Keywords: Intestinal perforation, Foreign body, Children, Pica syndrome.

CASE REPORT

A 3-year-old girl admitted to our emergency department with abdominal pain and vomiting for the last three hours. She had history of dysphagia for one month and contrast-swallow (performed a month before presentation) was found to be normal. On examination, she had abdominal distention and tenderness with no bowel sounds. Nasogastric intubation was performed. All laboratory examinations were normal including leucocyte count, CRP and biochemical analysis. Abdominal x-ray showed a radio-opaque mass located below the liver (Fig.1). Ultrasonography suspected abscess formation (33mm x 27mm) on right side of the abdomen. On CT scan there was suspicion of perforation or possible abdominal mass filling right side of abdomen. Decision of surgery was thus taken. During intubation, a button of pant was found stuck in her nostrils. Bronchoscopy was performed for other possible foreign body and infectious mucus was aspirated from the main bronchi. On exploration, intestinal perforation was found with fecal content protruding through extensively dilated ileocecal region and a mass was seen arising from it (Fig.2). Resection of terminal ileum, cecum and ascending colon was performed; and ileostomy and colonic mucous fistula were made. Postoperative recovery was uneventful. Pathology was reported as feces containing many foreign materials such as hair, plastic and some unidentified materials. She was referred to pediatric psychiatry. Four months after the operation, closure of the stoma was performed.


[Figure ID: F1] Figure 1: Contrast enhanced mass on X-ray and CT scan

[Figure ID: F2] Figure 2: Peroperative view of the perforation and fecal / inflammatory mass.

DISCUSSION

Foreign body ingestion is the second most common endoscopic emergency after GI bleeding.[1] Upper end of the esophagus is the most common site of foreign body impaction accounting over 75% of all cases.[2] In our case, there was history of difficulty in swallowing which lasted for some days. We believe, at that time she might have ingested a foreign body which was stuck at the physiologic constrictions of the esophagus. The upper contrast series was found normal as the foreign body might have moved down to the stomach or intestine. Even less than 1% perforation is a risk after foreign body ingestion. It mostly occurs at physiological sphincters such as pylorus, ileocecal valve, angulations such as duodenum, hepatic/splenic flexures, anastomosis of former operations or regions of congenital malformation.[2-4] In our case, patient had eaten many non-food items which were stuck at ileocecal region causing inflammation and perforation. We believe, the same foreign body which was stuck at esophagus might have caused perforation a month before presentation as the contrast material (contrast study performed at that time) was found in the fecal mass containing many foreign bodies.

Footnotes

Source of Support: Nil

Conflict of Interest: None declared


References
1. Lyons MF, Tsuchida AM. Foreign bodies of the gastrointestinal tract. Med Clin North Am. 1993;77:1101–14.
2. Stack LB, Munter DW. Foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 1996;14:493-521.
3. Pinero MA, Fernández HJA, Carrasco PM, Riquelme J, Parrila PP. Intestinal perforation by foreign bodies. Eur J Surg. 2000;166:307-9.
4. Rodríguez-Hermosa JI, Canete N, Artigau E, Girones J, Planellas P, Codina-Cazador A. Small bowel perforation by an unusual foreign body. Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2009; 101:639-41.

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