APSP J Case Rep: Vol. 5 Issue 2: p. 22
Copyright © 2014 Sarsu et al
Received Day: 17 Month: 12 Year: 2013
Accepted Day: 19 Month: 01 Year: 2014
APSP J Case Rep 2014; 5:22
Fecalith Causing Intestinal Obstruction in a Patient with Seckel Syndrome
Sevgi Buyukbese Sarsu Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Gaziantep Children’s Hospital, 27560, Gaziantep, Turkey
Burcu Belen Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Gaziantep Children’s Hospital, 27560, Gaziantep, Turkey.
Suleyman Cuneyt Karakus Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Gaziantep Children’s Hospital, 27560, Gaziantep, Turkey
Naim Koku Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Gaziantep Children’s Hospital, 27560, Gaziantep, Turkey
Correspondence: Address for Correspondence:Sevgi Buyukbese Sarsu, Ataturk M Adnan Inanici C. 1107 S. Buyukbese Apt. 1/8 Sehitkamil/Gaziantep, [email protected]

A 4-year-old girl with SS was admitted with disten-sion of the abdomen, fever, bilious vomiting and non-passage of feces. On the physical examination, a mass with a diameter of 2 cm x 3 cm was palpated at umbilical region. Following the digital rectal exam-ination, a large quantity of feces passed and mass was no more palpable. Plain abdominal x-ray showed dilated small intestinal loops with multiple air-fluid level and a calcified mass in the pelvis (Fig. 1). The mass was confirmed in the computed tomography of the abdomen (Fig. 2). Complete blood count, serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and ferritin levels were normal. Laparotomy was planned for the intra-abdominal mass but it turned out to be impacted fecoloma which was manually removed following rectal irrigation without the need of surgery under general anesthesia.


Helmut Seckel described Seckel syndrome (SS) which is an autosomal recessive disorder and characterized by cleft lip and palate, club foot, scoliosis, gastrointestinal malformations, and multiple skeletal malformations.[1,2] Other accompanying anomalies are severe microcephaly, craniofacial dysmorphism with characteristic bird headed appearance, promi-nent beaked triangular nose, micrognathia, variable mental retardation, low birth weight, severe intrauter-ine and postnatal growth retardation. Carcinogenesis is usually detected in patients with growth dysregula-tion. Pathogenesis of Seckel syndrome is primarily based on marked growth impairments. There are chromosomal common fragile sites in SS patients making them prone to malignancies.[1-3]

Intestinal obstruction due fecalith is mainly observed in patients with chronic diseases. In patients with SS, physical disabilities based on central nervous systems abnormalities may be responsible for constipation.[4] Intestinal obstructions due to accumulation of a big fecalith is uncommon. Laparotomy in this patient was decided based on suspicion of tumor. A preoperative rectal irrigation was performed in order to completely rule out a fecal impaction spared the patient from an unnecessary laparotomy.


Source of Support: Nil

Conflict of Interest: None declared


Figure 1: Plain abdominal X-rays showing a calcified mass in the pelvis.

Figure 2: Abdomen computed tomography showed the mass.

1. Kjaer I, Hansen N, Becktor KB, Birkebaek N, Balslev T. Craniofacial morphology, dentition, and skeletal maturity in four siblings with Seckel syndrome. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2001;38:645-51.
2. Adiyaman P, Berberoğlu M, Aycan Z, Evliyaoğlu O, Ocal G. Seckel-like syndrome: a patient with precocious puberty associated with nonclassical congenital adrenal hyperplasia. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2004; 17: 105-10.
3. Hayani A,Suarez CR, Molnar Z, LeBeau M, Godwin J. Acute myeloid leukemia in a patient with Seckel syndrome. J Med Genet. 1994;31:148-9.
4. Beckmann KR, Hennes H, Sty J, Walsh-Kelly CM. Accuracy of clinical variables in the identification of radiographically proven constipation in children. WMJ. 2001;100: 33-6.


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